SAFE-GUARD® - Brown Stomach Worm - Does It Arrest In Us Dairy Cattle? (51kb)
Producers, veterinarians and others involved in the dairy industry often assume that parasite data generated in beef cattle is fully applicable to dairy cattle. Such assumptions can be costly to dairy producers who seek cost-effective solutions to the problem of worm control. A good example of this difference can be found in research conducted at the University of Kentucky dairy farm. In this two-year study, 50 parasite-naïve tester dairy calves were allowed to graze pastures for one month. Worms picked up during grazing were then recovered from the calves and identified. This method allows for determination of the type and size of the worm population present on contaminated pasture. In this study, Nematodirus was the most common worm found with an average of 2,220 worms per calf. Cooperia was the second most common worm found (2,018 worms). Brown stomach worm was third (846 worms ). No population of arrested brown stomach worm was found. These results were surprising because the study had been conducted to determine the seasonal pattern of arrested development for brown stomach worm!
SAFE-GUARD® - Deworming Lactating Dairy Cows During The Transition Period (50kb)
Deworming lactating dairy cows is a venture beyond treating disease. Although most dairy cows have sufficient immunity such that parasitic disease will not occur, they’re not immune from production losses caused by parasite exposure and the subsequent development of infection. Internal parasites interfere with efficient production and, therefore, the strategic deworming of lactating dairy cows is designed to prevent production losses caused by these parasites. Whole-herd deworming in late fall or early winter is a good strategy to maintain a parasite-free herd throughout the winter months in northern climates; however, a separate strategy for spring and summer to control internal parasites is required. During this period, individual animal treatment provides the very best control if production losses are to be prevented. Management may find, when feeding transitional groups in freestalls, deworming the cows via the feed (TMR) is cost-effective and laborsaving.
SAFE-GUARD® - Technical Bulletin (44kb)
SAFE-GUARD® (FENBENDAZOLE) - Guide To Internal Parasites Of Ruminants (270kb)
Health Impact and Characteristics of Internal Parasites
SAFE-GUARD® (FENBENDAZOLE) - Quantity Recommendation Chart (49kb)
Chart containing pounds of Safe-Guard 1.96% and Safe-Guard .5% per number of calves and average calf weight.
SAFE-GUARD® BLOCK RESEARCH - Consumption Study (121kb)
Three dewormer block consumption studies were conducted using a total of 143 mature cattle (approximately 50 at each location). Locations of the studies were Alabama, Louisiana and Wyoming. An adaptation period of 4-19 days with unmedicated feedblocks was required prior to offering the medicated dewormer blocks. The adaptation period varied depending upon current and previous herd feeding and management practices in addition to weather conditions. The medicated dewormer blocks were given for a 3-day treatment period with the total Safe-Guard® Block consumption for the 3-day period calculated to be 5 mg fenbendazole per kg body weight (2.27 mg/lb. body weight). All cattle were grazing on pasture. No supplemental feed was given except for the dewormer blocks. The total number of dewormer blocks placed in each pasture was determined at the beginning of each study and was based on the number of cattle in each pasture and other conditions such as physical layout of the pasture and watering areas. Fecal samples were collected from all cattle before treatment and again approximately 14 days after treatment. Fecal egg counts were determined for all samples.
SAFE-GUARD® BLOCK RESEARCH - Efficacy Study (123kb)
A study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of Safe-Guard® medicated dewormer blocks against natural infections of gastrointestinal nematodes of cattle. Twenty calves were divided into 2 groups of 10 each. One group served as non-medicated controls while the other group served as the treatment group. Mixed breed calves (Hereford, Angus and Brahman) were purchased from the same farm with an average weight of approximately 500 pounds. They had been on pastures naturally contaminated with nematode larvae for several months prior to shipment to the study location. Upon arrival, calves were placed in a drylot and acclimated for 7 days prior to initiation of the study. During this period, they were allowed access to unmedicated dewormer blocks similar to those to be used in the study. Each calf was then placed in an individual pen so that block consumption could be monitored. They each received dewormer blocks without fenbendazole for 1 week prior to being offered medicated blocks. Untreated controls were not offered blocks. All calves received hay and water but no other supplemental feed or source of salt during the preliminary phase. Fecal samples were taken prior to treatment with Safe-Guard® medicated dewormer blocks and again 5 days after the last day of treatment. All calves were necropsied 5 days after the last day of treatment to determine actual nematode count and species present.
SAFE-GUARD® BLOCK RESEARCH - Southeastern U.S.A. Study (118kb)
Fall and winter are key times to be promoting the En-pro-al/Safe-Guard® (fenbendazole) deworming block for use in the Southern U.S. The following Safe-Guard® treatment program in weaning cattle grazing coastal Bermuda pastures also achieved seasonal control. As a result, calves gained an additional 67 lbs. per head compared to calves given a traditional single treatment in November.
Factors Associated with Handling of Livestock (1854kb)
Handling livestock, whether to provide routine care or for treatment of sickness, is a common and often unavoidable part of livestock production. However, there are instances where handling can be avoided, and it is important to be aware of the performance effects that livestock handling may have.
Internal Parasites in Beef Cattle and Their Impact on Nutritional Status (1721kb)
One aspect of internal parasite infections that is often overlooked is their impact on the nutritional status of the animal. The effects of internal parasite infections on the nutritional status of the animal are important because they impact every aspect of biology. Without a proper supply of nutrients, immune function, growth, and reproduction are all compromised.