Canine Parainfluenza

Disease Overview

Canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV) is a highly contagious respiratory virus and is one of the most common pathogens of infectious tracheobronchitis, also known as canine cough.3Although the respiratory signs may resemble those of canine influenza, they are unrelated viruses and require different vaccines for protection.

Merck Animal Health Solutions

For Canine Parainfluenza

Transmission

CPIV is excreted from the respiratory tract of infected animals for up to 2 weeks after infection and is usually transmitted through the air.3 The virus spreads rapidly in kennels or shelters where large numbers of dogs are kept together.4

Clinical Signs 3,4

  • Coughing (dry or moist)
  • Low-grade fever
  • Nasal discharge
  • Lack of energy
  • Loss of appetite

Risk Factors

  • Dogs that come from shelters, rescue centers, breeding kennels, or pet stores
  • Boarding at a kennel or doggie daycare
  • Visiting groomers, dog parks, or engaging with other dogs on a daily basis
  • Dogs that participate in events/competitions

References:

3. Ford R. Canine infectious tracheobronchitis. In: Greene CE, ed. Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat. 3rd ed. St. Louis, MO: Saunders/Elsevier; 2006:55.
4. Buonavoglia C, Martella V. Canine respiratory viruses. Vet Res. 2007;38:355–373.