Bordetella bronchiseptica

Disease Overview

Bordetella (also referred to as tracheobronchitis, canine cough [in dogs], and feline bordetellosis [in cats]) is a highly contagious respiratory disease in cats and dogs caused by the bacteria Bordetella bronchiseptica. It causes inflammation of the trachea and bronchi.

Merck Animal Health Solutions

Italicize Bordetella bronchiseptica

An intranasal vaccine shown to be effective for vaccination of healthy dogs 3 weeks of age or older against canine parainfluenza virus and Bordetella bronchiseptica.

An intranasal vaccine shown to be effective for vaccination of healthy dogs 3 weeks of age or older against canine adenovirus type 2, canine parainfluenza virus, and Bordetella bronchiseptica.

An intranasal vaccine shown to be effective for vaccination of healthy dogs 3 weeks of age or older against canine adenovirus type 2, canine parainfluenza virus, and Bordetella bronchiseptica.

The only Bordetella vaccine available for cats.

Transmission

Italicize Bordetella spreads through direct contact (licking, nuzzling), through the air (coughing or sneezing), or via contaminated fomites.3 Transmission can occur between dogs and cats.15

Clinical Signs3

  • Dry, hacking cough (dogs)
  • Retching
  • Sneezing
  • Watery nasal discharge
  • Pneumonia, inappetence, fever, and lethargy in severe cases

Risk Factors

  • Pets that come from shelters, rescue centers, breeding kennels, or pet stores
  • Boarding at a kennel
  • Pets that participate in events/competitions
  • Multiple pet homes

References:

3.Ford R. Canine infectious tracheobronchitis. In: Greene CE, ed. Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat. 3rd ed. St. Louis, MO: Saunders/Elsevier; 2006:55.
15. Gaskell R, Dawson S, Radford A. Feline respiratory disease. In: Greene CE, ed. Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat. 3rd ed. St. Louis, MO: Saunders/Elsevier; 2006:147.